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RPA Risk Management and its Various Methods | Complete Guide

Dr. Jagreet Kaur Gill | 13 June 2023

RPA Risk Management and its Various Methods

Introduction to RPA Risk Management

In our regular life, we do some tasks daily. For example, for an organization, someone has to update daily/weekly attendance and task records of each team member, and sometimes it happens that a person forgets to add some task to someone, so there is a risk in tracking each team member's details manually. Unlike humans, who may skip a process step or not be consistent in processing a transaction, an RPA (Robotic Process Automation) robot performs tasks without bias or any variation. This supports your automation agenda for managing and mitigating risk.

The one transformation which is automating our daily repetitive tasks. Click to explore about our, 3 Best RPA Tools

It is a convenient technology for scheduling and institutionalizing various process-oriented jobs or tasks. It is known as a critical component of digital transformation initiatives. The benefits of implementing Robotic Process Automation are well known. Reduce operational costs, significantly improve processes, reallocate resources to higher value features, improve customer service, improve productivity and quality, etc., the list continues.

However, it is also essential for business leaders to understand and analyze the potential risks of it to optimize their investment in technology. Technical obstacles, security issues, and defective recruitment and implementation processes can reduce profitability and hinder staff efficiency and business operations.

Possible Risks With RPA?

Like any other technology, there are always some risks associated with RPA. Robotic process automation(RPA) is an advanced technology programmed to do precisely what it is told to do. RPA technology differs from artificial intelligence (AI) because the RPA bots can not make judgments or learn from data patterns. They can only mimic human actions. The programming of the RPA bot has to be completed with the exact functionalities the bot must be able to execute.

Organizations have unrealistic goals and expectations for RPA implementation, At that point when risks occur. Misusing RPA for duties outside of its capabilities causes risks. RPA is supposed to deliver good quality values. However, RPA can fail to deliver on its promises due to the unrealistic goals set by the organization.

RPA in financial services focuses on routine administrative kind of work, such as copying data from email to the system. Click to explore about our, Robotic Process Automation for Financial Services

How does Robotic Process Automation reduce Risks?

There are three common ways in which Robotic Process Automation can help mitigate the overall risk:


People can make mistakes by skipping process steps. Otherwise, the overall process may be inconsistent. Its robots, on the other hand, perform tasks without human imperfections such as bias, fluctuations, and fatigue.

This will increase support for an overall automation perspective that manages and mitigates risk. Its bots are always programmed to provide workers. This consistency of work helps mitigate the risks associated with the work by continuously eliminating errors in the company's internal systems.

Compliance Factor

Its bots can take advantage of multiple risk management benefits: different compliance obligations in any business operation. When your business has the latest version of it explicitly built for your industry, you can rest assured that it can keep up with any needs it needs. You don't have to reinvent or start over every time you run an audit or submit a report.

Especially in the insurance and healthcare sector, with a powerful and consistent RPA automation system, employees do not have to pay large fines and can save work for professional compliance.


The right automation tools are agile and mitigate risk by allowing the system to make room for new changes and deal with complexity. The digitized workforce has become dynamic and ready for change and growth. With its help of it, a consistent framework will be created that will allow bots to use the established framework to maintain consistency.

Automate the business process at a repetitive, structured, and rules-based scale. Taken From Article, Scaling Up RPA

Why is there a Risk in Robotic Process Automation?

As businesses and the processing units that benefit them become more digital, it's no wonder an organization's entire IT infrastructure is exposed to higher levels of risk. This is just proof that the current era of the digital revolution has opened the door to greater risk for almost every company.

If this digital revolution created a myriad of risks, it also provided armor to protect ourselves. Its automation helps businesses mitigate these risks by reducing the likelihood of errors, increasing compliance rates, and improving scalability. All these benefits mitigate risk by providing organizations with a practical, systematic, and reliable way to save money, time, and effort to strive for maximum efficiency.

What are the Risks in Robotic Process Automation?

Below highlighted are the risks of RPA:

RPA Strategy Risk

While Robotic Process Automation can drive innovation and maximize competitiveness, organizations can set unrealistic goals and expectations for its implementations and abuse them in their slide areas. This leads to situations where it fails to fulfill its promise of value and, as a result, impacts resource-deficient RPA initiatives.

Organizations that reduce spending by reducing FTE (full-time equivalent) staff rather than using it to innovate and improve workflows lack the strategic intent or endpoint design of projects.

To mitigate the risks associated with your strategy, you must implement a solid and promising target operating model and appropriate intelligent process automation tools.

Tool Selection Risks

Many tool vendors claim automation features that lack the foundation. For example, Some vendors only offer screen scraping, which can lead to errors if full-screen automation technology is missing. Companies and organizations usually choose the wrong tool that suits their needs. Misselection of tools can lead to various security issues with automation.

Operational and Execution Risks

Operational risk arises when a robot is deployed without a proper operating model. If companies do not define roles and are in a hurry to train, bots can become ambiguous when moving to production, and human Robotic Process Automation supervisors can be confused by their actual roles.

Initiatives implemented by organizations to reduce headcount and gain further savings often fail due to the sheer volume of change processes and exception handling.

You can easily avoid the risks associated with running operations by implementing a digitally augmented workforce that can be deployed on a large scale to achieve sustainable business outcomes.

Disclosure of Sensitive Data

Cybercriminals train BOT systems to leave malware behind or store or steal sensitive information. Trained BOTs send or upload sensitive information to the database via the web or the internet.

Denial of Service

Sometimes, BOT devices are stopped due to the rapid sequences that exhaust all the available system resources. BOT productivity loss can also be caused by unplanned network, system failure, or service failure issues. Human labor cannot easily replace services, leading to security risks for remote process automation.

The technology about business process automation where repetitive human mundane tasks are automated. Taken From Article, Best Practices of RPA and its Challenges

Why RPA Risks and controls is important?

The adoption of robotic process automation (RPA) by companies in various industries, including insurance, banking, finance, healthcare, and telecommunications, aims to digitize their business processes. RPA programs involve the use of rules-based.

Software bots mimic human actions to perform high-volume, repetitive tasks, freeing up human resources to focus on more critical tasks. However, the importance of RPA risks and controls cannot be overstated, as organizations need to ensure that the benefits of RPA are maximized while mitigating associated risks.

RPA Strategy Risk

RPA strategy risk refers to the situation where organizations set unrealistic goals and expectations for RPA implementation, leading to failure to deliver on its promises of delivering enhanced value processes. Mitigating this risk requires a solid, future target operating model and intelligent process automation tools.

Stakeholder Buy-in Risk

Stakeholder buy-in risk is another challenge, as RPA implementation requires buy-in from executives, IT departments, employees, and external stakeholders such as customers and service partners. Effective stakeholder engagement is crucial for successful RPA implementation and delivery.

Operational and Execution Risk

Operational risks occur when robots get deployed without a proper operating model. If enterprises define responsibilities and roles, it can be evident when bots go into production and humans need clarification about their roles. The leading causes are changing processes and exception handling, buying the wrong tool, making wrong assumptions, taking shortcuts, and security and compliance. The risk associated with operational execution can easily be avoided by implementing a digital workforce, which can be scaled to deliver sustainable business results.

Common Risks and Challenges are:

  1. RPA bots stop working or do not function as intended.
  2. Not enough bot force
  3. Required Costly maintenance
A technology that works within the software and eases human efforts and hence called Software Automation. Download to explore potential of RPA for Businesses

Change Management Risk

A poor communication plan, lack of executive support, and operational models can put operations at risk during RPA implementation. A well-communicated change management strategy that addresses risks like lack of HR messaging alignment, unclear roles and responsibilities, expertise, and communication plan is crucial for success.

Common Risks and Challenges are:

  1. Not building a Change Management strategy into RPA
  2. HR messaging not aligned
  3. Not clear roles and responsibilities
  4. Lack of expertise and Lack of communication plan

Maturity Risk

After implementing RPA processes, organizations face numerous risks. One of them is the maturity risk, which arises when companies reach maturity with their initial deployment and begin expanding RPA across different business units. This can lead to sustainability risks, such as the rapid proliferation of automation requests, duplicated efforts across divisions, under-utilization of bots, and other factors like lack of preparation for automation progress into cognitive technologies and a shortage of RPA talent. To mitigate these risks, creating a Center of Excellence (COE) that deploys standardized solutions, continuous improvement, and enhances the efficiency of the automation process can be helpful. Risks associated with maturity can cause momentum to stall, bots to be underutilized, duplicated efforts, a shortage of skills, and a lack of integration.

Common Risks and Challenges are:

  1. Momentum stalls
  2. Underutilization of bots
  3. Duplicated efforts
  4. Skills shortage
  5. Lack of integration
A technology that mimics how humans interact with software to perform repetitive, high-volume tasks. Click to explore about our, RPA in Data Analytics

What are the various Risk Management Methods in RPA?

Various methods to manage risks in robotic process automation are described below:

Software and product security best practices

  • Perform secure design reviews, including data flow analysis, to verify control of security integration in authentication, authorization, and input validation of its  systems.
  • Performing various security architecture risk analysis procedures on its solution of your choice and creating, executing, and controlling BOTs, can help you find architectural flaws in your product.
  • Ensure that the scheme or method used to develop the BOT device is free of security flaws and considerations. This helps the system work without security issues.
  • Organizations can learn about security vulnerabilities by using security scanning tools to scan existing code or code used in back-end code while creating a BOT.

Digital identity and Access Best Practices for RPA

  • The Security Matrix can allow BOT systems to perform assigned tasks by managing user permissions and obligations.
  • Implementing security controls to protect credentials during the robot runtime section supports secure login to the robot process automation interface.
  • Consistent password enforcement by the Robot Realm and centralized robot ID access management process prevent credential leakage.
  • By monitoring the sensitive information used by robotic process automation, compliance with the Acceptable Use Policy is verified.


  1. An institution or organization prepares a governance framework with roles and responsibilities to protect the automation of robots or robotic processes.
  2. Describes the security and strategies required to automate robotic processes within a policy, and the organization monitors compliance with security policies.
  3. You can organize various Robotic Process Automation risk management programs to raise awareness for your business users and your organization.

7 Critical steps for building an RPA Controls Environment

RPA provides platforms for companies to move further along the automation toward more intelligent automation. There is a greater need to understand the appropriate risk associated with RPA with technology adoption. Here are seven critical steps to building a risk-controlled robotic environment.

Key Steps:

  1. Establish a Robust Governance Framework: A successful RPA risks and controls program requires a sound governance model and automation strategy. Documented processes and a well-defined operating model are crucial for an organization to manage the financial and operational risks of RPA adoption.
  2. Develop Detailed Automation Coding and Configuration: To ensure that internal and external auditors can conduct appropriate automated control testing procedures, companies must maintain detailed business and solution design requirements for their RPA platform. Having appropriate plans and documentation during bot development helps minimize the risk of internal control gaps.
  3. Utilize Existing Controls: Companies should evaluate the impact of bot development on their existing controls and assess the risks associated with the automation operating correctly. They can monitor transactional logs and unexpected activities to ensure the automated process runs smoothly.
  4. Manage Access: Storing excessive access by bots can create data, security, privacy, and fraud risks that companies must manage.
  5. Manage a Changing Environment: Change management is critical for effective RPA risk and control management. Companies need to track the impact of internal and external changes on their RPA systems, such as system upgrades, service provider changes, workflow changes, reporting requirements changes, and scheduling changes.
  6. Detect and Report Bot Failures: When a bot fails, management should investigate the nature of the failure, fix the issue with the bot's operation, and evaluate related policies and procedures in bot development.
  7. Monitor and Escalate Deficiencies: Management must maintain effective information technology controls components associated with digital workers and ensure policies and procedures around process governance when utilizing bots are in place. If there are deficiencies in their RPA risks and controls environment, they must escalate and address them promptly.
The fusion of digital technology into all industry sides, changing how you use and convey it to customers. Download to explore the potential of Digital Transformation


Innovative solutions are intended to be disruptive, but the benefits come with risks. Having a realistic view of RPA and preparing for risk mitigation can make a big difference in helping its initiatives reach their full potential. Robotic process automation helps streamline business operations and overcome potentially disturbing risks by reducing errors and improving compliance and scalability.