Big Data Engineering

Data Fabric Vs Data Mesh | Detailed Comparison

Jagreet Kaur | 29 December 2022


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In the hyper-connected world of the cloud and the Internet of Things(IoT), each processing network gadget is associated with one more through a perplexing, interconnected network. Current ventures attempt to become information-driven associations and get more business esteem from their information. However, the ascent of the cloud, the development of the Internet of Things (IoT), and different elements imply that information isn't restricted to on-premises conditions. This represents a genuine test for future Data Management, as a definitive objective of Data Management is sharing of business information across different stages and innovations.

The terms "data mesh" and "data fabric " are frequently utilized reciprocally to demonstrate data-access architecture in a hyper-associated Data Management world.Data fabric is more of an architectural approach to data access, whereas the mesh connects data processes and users.

Data fabric should work with various data delivery methods (including, but not limited to, ETL, streaming, replication, messaging, and data virtualization or data microservices).Read more about Big Data Fabric Implementations and Its Benefits

Centralized Data platform vs. Decentralized Data platform

A centralized data architecture implies that every domain/subject (for example, finance, operations) is duplicated to one area (for example, a data lake under one account). It likewise implies centralized responsibility for data (typically IT). The information from the different domains is joined to make centralized data models and bring together perspectives. This is the methodology utilized by a Data Fabric.

A decentralized distributedData Fabric Vs Data Mesh data architecture means the data from each domain isn't duplicated but instead kept inside the domain (each domain/subject has its data lake under one account). It also means distributed data ownership, with each domain having its owner. Each domain has its data models.

What are Data Fabric and its example?

A data fabric is an architecture that runs technologies and services to assist a corporation in managing its data. This data can be stored in relational databases, tagged files, flat files, graph databases, and document stores.

A data fabric architecture facilitates data-centric tools and applications to access data while working with varied services. These can include Apache Kafka (for real-time streaming), ODBC (open database connectivity), HDFS (Hadoop distributed file system), REST (representational state transfer) APIs, POSIX (portable operating system interface), NFS (network file system), and others. It's likewise crucial for a data fabric architecture to support rising standards.

A data fabric is agnostic to architectural approach, geographical locations, data use case, and process and deployment platforms. With data fabric, associations can pursue meeting one of their most wanted objectives: approaching the correct information progressively, with a start to finish administration and for a minimal price.


Example of Data Fabric

The adaptability of a data fabric architecture helps in many ways than one. Some of the data fabric examples include the following:

Enhancing Machine Learning (ML) Models

When the correct data is taken care of to AI (Machine Learning) models without wasting time, their learning capacities improve. ML calculations can screen data pipelines and suggest reasonable connections and incorporation. These calculations can get data from data while associated with the data fabric, go through all the business data, inspect that data, and distinguish relevant associations and connections.

Building a Holistic Customer View

Organizations can utilize a data fabric to outfit data from client exercises and see how cooperating with clients can offer more worth. This could incorporate uniting constant data of various deals exercises, the time it takes to obtain a client locally, and consumer loyalty KPIs(key performance indicator).

What are Data Mesh and its example?

The Data Mesh is a new approach based on a modern, distributed architecture for analytical data management. The decentralized technique of data mesh distributes data ownership to domain-specific teams that manage, own, and serve the data as a product. It empowers end clients to effectively access and query data where it resides without first shipping it to a data lake or data warehouse.


Example of Data Mesh

Data mesh upholds various analytical and operational use cases across different spaces. The following are a few examples.

Customer 360 views

It helps client care diminish average handle time, increase first contact resolution, and further develop consumer satisfaction. A solitary perspective on the client may likewise be deployed by marketing to predictive churn modeling or next-best-offer decision.

Hyper segmentation

Enables marketing teams to deliver the proper mission to the right client at the ideal opportunity and utilize the right channel.

Data privacy management

To protect the customer data by complying with ever-emerging regional data privacy laws, like VCDPA, before making it accessible to data consumers in the business domains.

Data meshes address the shortcomings of data lakes by giving data owners more autonomy and flexibility, allowing for more data experimentation and innovation, and reducing the burden on data teams to meet the needs of every data consumer through a single pipeline.Click to read more about Adopt or not to Adopt Data Mesh?

Differences between Data Fabric and Data Mesh

A Data Mesh and a Data Fabric both give an architecture to get data across numerous platforms and technologies. Still, a Data Fabric is technology-centric, while a Data Mesh centers around organizational change.

In the Data fabric, the data access is centralized (single point of control), for example, a rapid server cluster for network and superior resource sharing. On the other hand, in a Data Mesh, the data is stored within each unit (domains) within a company. Each node has a local storage and computation power in a distributed Data Mesh, and no single point of the control (SPOC) is necessary for operation. In a Data Mesh climate, original information stays inside areas/domains; duplicates of datasets are created for clear use cases.

Data Fabric leverages automation finding, associating, perceiving, proposing, and conveying information resources for customers dependent on a rich endeavor metadata establishment (e.g., a knowledge graph). Data mesh depends on data domain owners to drive the requirements upfront for data products.

Data Fabric over Data Mesh

In Data Mesh, Data integration across many different enterprise source systems often requires domain-specific expertise in data pipelining; using data fabric, there's no need for domains to deal with underlying source systems. At the point when a data product is a business entity managed in a virtual data layer, there's no need for domains to deal with underlying source systems.

The Data Mesh's fully distributed data management practice is sometimes a recipe for chaos, silos, and lack of adherence to standards and global identifiers.
Data fabric can be built without adopting a data mesh architecture. And to create data products, Data mesh must depend on the data fabric's discovery and data analysis principles.

Data Mesh over Data Fabric

In Data Fabric, Data products are based on product usage patterns, whereas in Data Mesh, Data products are designed by business domains and original Data.

Data Fabric uses artificial intelligence to automatically generate data semantics and perform data integration, where humans do the same. It can be good if context and implicit knowledge, which is critical in understanding a dataset, is best done by human domain experts. Data Mesh may result in fewer silos because it is easier to make datasets available to other teams. As long as they are appropriately incentivized, data product owners will perform the effort for integrating their products with the other datasets within the enterprise.

What are the benefits of Data Fabric and Data Mesh?

Benefits of data fabric and data mesh are mentioned below:

A data fabric benefits :

Data scale, volume, and performance: Dynamically scale both up and down, seamlessly, no matter how large the data volume is. It supports both operational and analytical workloads at an enterprise scale.

  1. Accessibility: Support all data access modes, data sources, and data types, and integrate master and transactional data at rest or in motion.
  2. Distribution: Data fabric is deployable in multi-cloud, on-premise, or hybrid environments.
  3. Data Integration:Improve data integration between applications and sources.

Data Mesh Benefits are:

  1. Business Agility and Scalability:- It powers decentralized data operations, independent team performance, and data infrastructure as a service provision, resulting in improved time-to-market, scalability, and business domain agility. It eliminates the process complexities and IT backlog to reduce operating and storage costs.
  2. Faster Access and Accurate Data Delivery:- It offers easily governable and centralized infrastructure based on a self-service model without underlying complexity for faster data access and accurate delivery.
  3. Sales and Marketing Benefits:- The distributed data enables sales and marketing teams to curate a 360-degree perspective of consumer behaviors and profiles from various systems and platforms to create more targeted campaigns, increase lead scoring accuracy, and project customer lifetime values.
  4. AI and Machine Learning Training:- It enables development and intelligence teams to create virtual data warehouses and data catalogs from different sources. So that they can feed machine learning (ML) and artificial intelligence (AI) models to help them learn without consolidating data in a central location.
  5. Loss Prevention and Low costs:- Data mesh implementation in the financial sector creates faster time-to-insight at lower operating costs and operational risks.


Data mesh is more about people and processes than architecture. In contrast, a data fabric is an architectural approach that tackles the complexity of data and metadata in a savvy way that functions admirably together. We can see more Data Mesh deployments in the near term since the Data Mesh can be implemented today with existing technology. At the same time, the Data Fabric depends on additional improvements in AI-driven data integration before it can genuinely take off.


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