XenonStack Recommends

Big Data Engineering

Data Lake vs Data Warehouse vs Data Mesh | Quick Guide

Chandan Gaur | 03 April 2023

Data Lake vs Data Warehouse vs Data Mesh


In this growing world of data, we face data storage problems. As data increases every second, having a Cost-effective and Optimized System becomes crucial. The problem is to find a storage solution that is strong enough to store a huge amount of data with features like metadata handling, consistency, and a unified view of the whole data. To resolve this problem, Data lake and Data Warehouse came into the picture.

Data Mesh is another methodology because of the board's advanced, dispersed design for scientific data. It engages end clients to access and question data where it lives without first delivering it to a data lake or data warehouse. The decentralized procedure of data mesh disperses data proprietorship to space explicit groups that make due, own, and serve the data as an item.

DataOps aims to make teams capable enough to manage the main processes, which impact the business, interpret the value of each one of them to expel data silos. Click to explore about our, Data Operation Benefits and its Tools

Centralized vs. Decentralized Data Platform

A centralized data architecture implies that information from each domain is replicated within one domain and information from other domains is combined to create a centralized data model; it also implies centralized responsibility for the data.

A decentralized distributed data architecture means that each domain's data is not duplicated but kept within the domain (each domain/subject under one account has its data lake), and each domain has its model's private data. It also means that each domain has its owner and distributed data ownership.

What are Data Lake and its use case?

It is a component of a standard data management strategy. A data lake is more than a data warehouse in terms of concept. In it, any data could be saved. Because the data is saved in its native local format rather than using a structure (schema) that was initially required, effort and cost are reduced.

It commonly uses an "ELT" technique since it allows us to remove and load data into its original format, then change it later if a desire manages itself. The "Schema on reading" method is standard in the big data environment, and an "ELT" strategy goes along with it.

  • Ingestion of semi-structured and unstructured data sources (also known as big data), gadget readings, telemetry records, logs, and streaming records. It is an excellent solution for storing IoT (Internet of Things) data, which has historically been more challenging to store, and can help with near-real-time analysis.
  • Before the cost or cause of the data has been definitively identified, it is subjected to experimental study. Because agility is so important in today's business world, it can play a critical role in "proof of cost" situations thanks to the "ELT" technique discussed earlier.
  • Advanced analytics are supported. Data scientists and analysts can use it to provide and experiment with data.
  • Storage of archival and historical data. Its strategy can be very useful in supporting an active archive strategy.
  • Support for Lambda architecture consists of three layers: speed, batch, and serving.
  • Data warehousing preparation. One strategy for it is to use it as a staging place for it.
  • A logical data warehouse with distributed processing capabilities.
  • Support for the application. A front-end application can use as a data source.
Enables the data analysts, scientists, and other consumers to query and use data from the datasets and understand. Click to explore about our, GCP Data Catalog

What are Data Warehouse and its use case?

It is created to centralize data from various internal and external sources so that it may be utilized to analyze the data inside it to help businesses make decisions. These structures are not ideal for big data projects because they can hold enormous amounts of unstructured data, which traditional relational databases are not well-suited to handle.

It is a great place to gather and store information on your company's clients, goods, and business process metrics. It can identify trends and learn what motivates success in various organizational areas.

  • It is made to withstand enormous amounts of data, allowing it to continue operating effectively.
  • According to tactical reporting, these are ideal for storing information for reporting reasons.
  • Big data integration will give you reliable, consistent data that has already undergone at least one verification round.
  • NLP: natural language processing - Data warehouses can store vast quantities of structured and unstructured data, which can then be processed using NLP platforms.
  • It contains electronic versions of critical documents for auditing and compliance.
  • Real-time data warehousing: The practice of immediately processing all corporate data for analysis as soon as it enters an organization's system is called real-time data warehousing.
A fully managed database service helps to set up, manage, and administer your database in the cloud. Click to explore about our, Types of Databases with Benefits

What are Data Mesh and its use case?

Data Mesh is a new technique based on a modern, disbursed structure for analytical records management. It empowers stop customers to successfully get the right of entry to and question records wherein they live without first delivering it to a data lake or data warehouse. The decentralized approach of data mesh distributes records possession to domain-unique groups that manage, own, and serve the data as a product.

The following are a few examples.

  • Customer 360 view assists consumer care in diminishing common manage time, and boom first touches resolution and increasing client satisfaction. A solitary angle at the consumer can also additionally likewise be deployed with the aid of using advertising to predictive churn modeling or next-best-provide decisions
  • Hyper-segmentation allows advertising groups to supply the proper venture to the proper consumer at a suitable opportunity and through the proper channel.
  • Data privacy management, to guard client records with the aid of complying with ever-rising nearby records privateness laws, like VCDPA, earlier than making it available to records purchasers within the commercial enterprise domains.

 Data Warehouse vs Data Lake vs Data Mesh

With data lakes, the ETL technique is now modified to the ELT technique (Extract-Load-Transform), and all information from heterogeneous assets is first in a single store. The team of data engineers, data scientists, and business analysts can derive the key results dynamically.

Its advantages notwithstanding, it has its own set of challenges, including:

  • All information is accrued right into a centralized store, which can bring about an information swamp withinside the absence of proper cataloging.
  • Data engineers who cope with an information lake aren't usually geared up with deep-area information to derive the commercial enterprise's goal outcomes.

It assists in the integration of data from many sources, as well as categorizing and storing it for later use. The operational schemas in this section are pre-built for each relevant business requirement, often using the ETL (Extract-Transform-Load) method.

Some of the obstacles associated with it are as follows:

  • For each new commercial enterprise requirement, we must comprehend its associated sources and information to create the schema and implement the ETL technique.
  • When an existing schema needs to be modified, the volume of data can be fairly vast (many terabytes/petabytes), posing a time constraint.
  • Business users may have constructed multiples to store their raw and processed data for analytical, and BI reports, resulting in a duplication of sources.

A data mesh that works in the same way as its corresponding service. It solves the problem above by dividing the data into business domains, with each user owning the relevant data as a product, ensuring that each piece of data is:

  • Discoverable
  • Addressable
  • Trustworthy and Truthful
  • Self-describing
  • Inter-operable
  • Secure
A layer of connectivity that takes away the complexities of connecting, managing, and supporting data access. Click to explore about our, Data Mesh and its Benefits

What are their Benefits and Limitations?

Below are highlighted the benefits and limitations: 

Data Lake Benefits

These are better suited for analyzing data from various sources, especially when data cleaning is time-consuming or difficult.

  • Volume and Variety: It can handle the volume, variety, and velocity of data from various sources being ingested in any format.
  • Speed of Ingest: Schema-on-read is used in it, which means until data is needed, it doesn't need to be processed for use.
  • Lower Costs: It is less expensive relative to Data Warehouse.
  • Greater Accessibility: For different users or user groups, data stored in it makes it easy to access copies or subsets of data.
  • Advanced Algorithms: It helps companies conduct complex queries and deep learning algorithms to recognize patterns.

Data Lake Limitations

Disadvantages are listed below:

  • Complex On-Premises Deployment: On-premises deployment of it is complex.
  • Migration: This can be a challenge depending on your infrastructure.
  • Handling Queries: For structured and semi-structured data lake is not optimized for queries.

Data Warehouse Benefits

It uses the Extract, Transform, Load (ETL) method to store data from numerous sources consistently while confirming the data's integrity.

The following are some of the benefits:

  • Maturity: It is a well-established and proven method of storing data. Data analysis tools are well-established, and the SQL server stack is widely available.
  • Maintenance: These are often low-maintenance and function well. If you need to work on your warehouses, many IT teams are available with the necessary skill sets.
  • Performance: Because it uses a schema-on-write method, the query engine can swiftly sift through data and generate results thanks to the same underlying data structure.
An IT solutions that combine severs Big Data Tools and utilities into one packaged answer, and further used for managing as well as analyzing Big Data. Click to explore about our, Big Data Platform Features and Use Cases

Data Warehouse limitations

While there are certain benefits to employing a data warehouse to store data, there are also some drawbacks.

  • Costs of storage: The cost of storing significant amounts of data is one of its disadvantages of it. The cost of database resources will be higher than that of it.
  • Time: Each component of the business process must be designed to extract value from the data. Using an ETL technique to get data into it might be time-consuming.
  • The Big Data Challenge: It isn't designed to analyze Big Data. Also aren't designed to handle the vast amounts of data collected or the variety of data.

Data Mesh Benefits

  • Scalability and Business Agility: It supports decentralized data operations, the performance of independent teams, and the delivery of data infrastructure as a service, resulting in faster time to market, increased scalability, and increased business domain agility.
  • Faster Access and Accurate Data Delivery: It provides a centralized infrastructure that is simple to manage and is built on a self-service architecture with no hidden complexity, allowing faster access to data and accurate delivery.
  • Benefits for Sales and Marketing: The dispersed data allows sales and marketing teams to compile a 360-degree view of consumer behaviors and profiles from different systems and platforms to develop more specialized campaigns, improve lead scoring precision, and forecast client lifetime values.
  • Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning Training: It enables development and intelligence teams to build virtual data warehouses and data catalogs from various sources to feed machine learning (ML) and artificial intelligence (AI) models to aid their learning without consolidating data in a single location.
  • Loss prevention and cheap expenses: The banking sector's adoption of data mesh speeds up the time to insight while lowering operating costs and operational hazards.

Data Mesh Limitations

  • Domain-specific data pipelining knowledge is frequently needed in Data Mesh for data integration across numerous business source systems.
  • The Data Mesh's fully distributed data management strategy can occasionally lead to anarchy, silos, and a disregard for global identities and standards.
  • Making data products The ideas of data fabric's discovery and data analysis must underpin data mesh.
Azure has high analytical power and low-cost service that one can do the same work on Azure with up to 95% less cost with in-built intelligence. Click to explore about our, Azure Data Lake Capabilities


There's no better way to pick which data storage platform suits your enterprise than to assess it primarily based on the use case and organization demand. Data warehouses and data lakes are extraordinarily powerful, and each is applied well. Not to mention, it has become increasingly user-pleasant even as it retains to show its worth in phrases of data evaluation and reporting.
A data mesh allows the organization to escape the analytical and consumptive confines of monolithic data architectures and connects siloed data. To allow machine learning and automatic analytics at scale. The data mesh allows the enterprise to be data-driven and give up data lakes and warehouses.