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What is Cloud Governance?It is a set of rules. It applies specific policies or principles to the use of computing services.This model aims to secure applications and data even if located distantly. The best solutions include People, Processes, and Technology. It basically refers to the decision making processes, criteria, and policies involved in the planning, architecture, acquisition, deployment, operation, architecture, acquisition, implementation, operation, and management of a Cloud computing capability. Its best practices help to optimize the organization's:
- Operations: Doing it efficiently
- Risk and compliance: Doing it securely
- Financial: Doing more with less
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Why it is Important?
The below-mentioned points are the importance of Cloud Governance
Make it easier to manage resourcesCloud service providers like AWS (Amazon Web Services Solutions) and many others are now advising customers to move multiple-tenant workloads residing in a single account or subscription into different accounts. Using various accounts will manage distinct workloads, one of the best practices today to deliver precise access, control, and cost management. Moreover, using its best practices limit the security and financial blast radius in an issue. Using the correct Governance Model of Cloud Services helps organize the volume of accounts most organizations need and provide visibility around key online activities and trends.
Helps curb shadow ITRisk and spend increase when you do not understand what systems are in use or where corporate data resides. Whenever a delay occurs in getting access to resources, employees turn to shadow IT. It is helpful as it places the required framework to request and access resources quickly. It gives team members access to the breadth of allowed resources among compliance and budget constraints.
Reduces laborInstead of using spreadsheets or any other similar manual processes that track accounts, cost, and compliance, the other way is to set guardrails at the appropriate point in your organizational hierarchy: these guardrails control access, budget, and policy the required projects. In addition to this, complete its solutions offer enforcement actions that allow you to do away with necessary follow-up actions after receiving an alert. Following best practices save time and effort as it prevents non-compliant activities and budget overruns.
Due to time pressure, do not shortened Cloud Governance services test phase before the go-live as it may become a costly mistake for your business. Source, Four Lessons Learned From Cloud Infrastructure Adopters
What is the Governance Policy?Governance policies contain a set of protocols of how things should be regulated on it. So, its policies should be created and regularly reviewed by the business executives, managers, and IT experts.
The Cloud Governance policy must include:
- Standards for the design of infrastructure
- Monitoring of infrastructure and application
- Security Policy
- Programming standards
- Backup recovery services
Certain sensitive information and data should be restricted to all unauthorized users. Therefore, one should use proper authentication and permission level checks.
A Cloud Governance Model should be a proper roadmap for your cloud consumption, how do you plan a new deployment policy, how will you switch your application from one provider to another, what will be the deployment process, who will evaluate them.
This plan operates over four levels, listed below:-
- Infrastructure or virtualization platform
- Operating systems
- Business/user activity on that platform
A firm policy will help you run the business well; otherwise, it will result in security loopholes, reduced performance, and permanent data loss. This is why choosing the best solutions and following best practices is essential
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Top 6 Governance PrinciplesThere are six governance principles for its solutions that are the basis for effective governance. Every organization varies in its governance necessities. Thus, it should be necessary to amend the policies listed below to match your specific circumstances.
Financial managementThis point consists of budget policies and cost trend policies. Both of these policies are closely related as long as you need to be aware of cost trend influencers to determine whether budgets will meet or if you need to adjust them.
Cost OptimizationA cost optimization policy reduces cost by keeping you up-to-date with opportunities to take advantage of committed use discounts and modifying you to occasions when committed use discounts are not being utilized fully.
Operational GovernanceThe operational governance principle contains system testing, two cost-cutting measures - identifying and terminating unused ZOMBIE assets, and scheduling stop/start time for non-production instances used in the development, software testing, staging, and QA.
Performance ManagementA better model for governing data relates to optimizing assets for their workloads. It consists of downgrading assets due to initial over-provisioning or a fall in demand - or upgrading them as demand will increase. Its best practices also include ensuring that the stored data is in the most cost-effective location.
Asset & configuration managementAsset and configuration management consists of everything from consistent tagging for cost allocation to identifying non-conforming assets, like those who exceed the permitted capacity, incompatible with existing assets, or those who launched outside a U.S. region.
Security & Incident managementBest solutions or services cover multiple cloud security components and may need to be subdivided into smaller principles to address issues. For example, Encryption, Access controls, Security groups, Audit trails, Application access rules.
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What are the challenges?
Some of the challenges are below mentioned:-
When any business uses cloud services, it is the service provider's responsibility to supply proper services and enhance performance. If the service provider goes down, then the client's performance using the services will also go down. To avoid such conditions, a proper Governance Cloud Model, a set of policies, and choosing one of the best solutions can be helpful.
A proper set of policies and procedures helps to support your organizational strategies and business goals. It will enhance the business and will reduce the operational cost of the company.
Organizations using cloud services will be in profit as it is a very cost-effective approach. The policies are designed in such a way that, if followed, will result in high profit. A properly considered Cloud Governance Model optimizes cost by conducting better financial analytics and automating policies, or keeping management reporting practice will help provide cost management.
The security of the data is also one of the major concerns. It is so because the security lope holes can be avoided by using some strict rules, Cloud Governance best practices, and policies. A Governance Model should build proper authentication policies to protect the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of the information. As there are many security bug cases in cloud service providers like AWS are aware of a security issue (CVE-2019-11246) in the Kubernetes kubectl tool that can allow a malicious container to replace or to create files on a user's workstation.
What are the best tools?
The below listed are the best Cloud Security Governance Tools:
What is the best approach?
It's best practices vary for each business as per their objectives and level of the cloud journey. Also, today there are thousands of Cloud Governance solutions providers available in the online marketplace. One needs to analyse the business assets and performance and then build accordingly. Therefore with the total visibility of business resources, the policies are easily governed.
Adopting the Cloud Governance Strategy effectively starts with defining the team who will handling governance and audit related tasks, understanding how security policies will be impacting its adoption roadmap and establishing the best practices for building its framework.
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