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Enterprise Data Management

Data Mart in Data Warehouse and its Benefits | Complete Guide

Chandan Gaur | 02 Nov 2022

Data Mart

What is Data Mart?

Data Mart can be called as a mini Data Warehouse design that shows the contents to be needed only to the client-side, i.e. it holds the overview of the data. The primary purpose of using it is to get the only information required that can be not very easy to get from the Warehouse.

Let's take an example of Banking System

Within a city, there are different branches for different areas or localities. Still, the central office exists at a particular location where the data of all the branches merges. So to fetch the particular information it will be the best option to get it from the nearby branch rather than the main one because the main office will require more time to provide one’s information. Still, it will be easy for the nearby branch to fulfil one’s query. So here, the main branch acts as a Data Warehouse and the local offices' act as a it. ETL process in Data Warehouse

What is a Data Mart ETL?

Here, ETL provides extraction, transformation and loading. In this, one can perform changes in the form of calculations, concatenations, etc. Data Mart ETL requires various inputs from stakeholders like testers, developers, etc. So to create a data warehouse needs data to be collected from multiple sources and then load them at a single position by merging all the required entities is what a database within the data warehouse and this all has to be done with the ETL process in Data Warehouse.

To further continue with the banking example, by using the Data Transformation using ETL process, the employee can easily make changes and can extract, transform the data quickly of any of the customers. This helps one to maintain, update the record and can promptly respond to the daily queries.

ETL Process in Data Warehouse

  • Step 1: Data is being fetched from various sources to add it to the Data Warehouse.
  • Step 2: In the second step, the data is being processed under ETL for transformation and cleansing.
  • Step 3: And then finally add it to the Warehouse at the end of the ETL. Why is etl necessary to populate a data mart/ data warehouse

Why it is important?

  • ETL process in Data Warehouse provides various reasons to use the best ETL process.
  • It is easy to create.
  • It provides the best overview with in-depth down knowledge to the contents been fetched.
  • It Reduces the cost than that of Warehouse implementation.
  • Users are provided with a clear view of the data rather than that of Data Warehouse.
  • Customarily accessing data becomes accessible.
  • Response time of the end-users also improves.
  • It focuses on a single functional or staging area.
  • It is flexible.
  • It Reduces data volume.
  • Data can be stored on different hardware/software platforms.

What are the various types?

The three main types of Data Marts are:

Dependent: This Data Mart ETL directly fetches the information from the central data. It follows a top-down approach. dependent data mart Independent: It is created without the help of data Central Data Warehouse. These are created within the organisations for the small groups. It is neither connected with any of the venture Data Warehouse or any Data Mart. independent data mart Hybrid: With a top-down approach, it collects the data from various sources as well as from the Data Warehouse. It improves the speed and end-users focus on the benefits with such a procedure. hybrid data mart

What are the various steps to implement it?

Implementing the ETL process in Data Warehouse is the best but complicated procedure. It involves several steps to start with:

Design Phase

It is the first phase of implementation that firstly takes the initiative to gather the information regarding requests and then the logical and physical design is created. It involves various tasks:-

  • Task 1: To identify the data, firstly gather the business and technical requirements.
  • Task 2: Then select the best suitable data subset.
  • Task 3: Finally, design the logical and physical structure to it.

What Technologies are Needed?

With the help of the tools, one can create the UML and ER diagrams that may append the meta-data into a logical and physical database.

Constructing Phase

In this phase, physical and logical structures are created. It involves the following task:

  • Task 1: The only level of it to implement the physical database design that is created in the earlier phase like, the database schemas as tables, indexes, etc. are created.

What Technologies are needed?

To construct the it, one will need the relational database management system. Also, RDBMS provides various features for the data mart access like Security, multiuser support, etc.

Populating Phase

Before entering this phase, one needs to clean and format the data that has been fetched from the various sources and finally then put the correct data into the particular data mart. ETL process in Data Warehouse includes various tasks rather than the steps:

  • Task 1: To extract the source data.
  • Task 2: To perform the various operations like cleaning and transforming the data.
  • Task 3: To load the data into it.
  • Task 4: And at last, metadata is created and stored.

What Technologies are needed?

It can be done by using Continuous ETL (Extract Transform Load) tools. It helps in performing all the tasks performed within the populating phase and then loads the data back into it.

Data Mart ETL
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It is a phrase that can be used to put the data into use by responding to the queries of the end-users. In this end-users submit their questions and in return, the results displayed by fetching the results from the database. It includes various tasks rather than the steps:

  • Task 1: It setups the meta-layer that helps in translating the database structures and the object names into the term of business.
  • Task 2: It maintains the database structures.
  • Task 3: Setups the API and also the interface if needed.

What Technologies are needed?

The data can be accessed using a GUI or Command-line. By using GUI, the data can be shown in the form of graphs.


The final phase that covers various errands:

  • Task 1: To add and manage the data into the data mart.
  • Task 2: To optimise the system to attain enhanced performance.
  • Task 3: To plan various scenarios and to ensure the availability during system failures.

What Technologies are needed?

One can use GUI or Command line for the management of data mart.

What are the advantages of it?

  • It improves response time.
  • Less expensive than that of Data Warehouse.
  • Easy to fetch particular records.
  • Removes dependencies and synchronises the data.
  • Easy to update and maintain.
  • Integrate all the sources of data.
  • It contains only concerned data, preferably the whole.
  • Easy to answer the queries.
  • Provides various commands and GUI interfaces to fetch details.
  • Reduce volume in the data.
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Mostly it exists for the business purposes of large scale and within a large scale businesses most of the time data retrieving occur as an issue, so to overcome that it is used.