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What is Beta Testing? A Comprehensive Guide

Navdeep Singh Gill | 16 Mar 2023

Beta Testing

Introduction to Beta Testing

Beta testing is one of the types of user acceptance testing in which the development team delivers the completed product to the users to evaluate its actual performance. Beta Testing is performed by the end-users of the software application in the real-world environment. It is the last stage of the testing process when the product is about to release.

The user analyses the product according to the requirement specification and gives their feedback about the performance. This user feedback helps developers make the changes according to the requirements and user's feedback. This process helps improve the quality of the product and ensures that the objective, defined in the initial phase of the product building, is achieved.

Shift-Left testing never expands, performed in isolation by the test/verification team, but it has shown in sync with the product development. Shift Left Testing Benefits and Approach

What is the Purposes of Beta Testing?

Following are the main objectives of the Beta testing, which should be considered to achieve the objectives of the product.
  • The main idea behind the Beta Testing is to get feedback from the product's End Users by releasing the developed product to its end users. According to the user's feedback, associated errors can be resolved, and the product quality can be enhanced.
  • Beta Testing is the best technique for pointing out the bugs and issues in the earlier phase, i.e., before the last phase of the development.
  • The real End-Users perform beta Testing. It gives a proper understanding of when the product is launched, whether the Users will like the product or not.
  • As there are different varieties of the platform the End Users use, It is possible that the platform the user is using is not available to the testing team during testing the product. This testing also points out the gaps and hidden bugs in the final product.

Beta Testing Strategy

Building a Beta Test Strategy is very important before performing the Beta test.

The first stage is the planning phase, in which the team defines the goal of the testing. Following are the steps involved in Beta testing:
  1. The second stage is the participant's requirement, in which the team identifies a group of selected users to perform testing.
  2. In this stage, the product is launched at the side of the End-user. Required package and tools installation information is shared with the End Users.
  3. In this stage, the users' feedback is received based on their experience with the software product. Feedbacks are analyzed, and changes are done according to the requirement.
  4. In this stage, all the bugs raised by the end-users get resolved, and enhancement is done according to the feedback received.
A type of testing in which individual units or functions of software testing. Its primary purpose is to test each unit or function. A unit is the smallest testable part of an application. Unit Testing Techniques and Best Practices

Following are the points about when to use Beta Testing:

  • All modules of the product are completed, and the product is ready for testing.
  • Methods to receive and gather feedback from users is identified.
  • The development team should ensure that all the functionality of each module is working properly.
  • The Documentation related to the Installation, usage, and uninstallation should be in
  • Detail to avoid any issue from the user's perspective.

What are the Phases of Beta Testing?

  1. Pre-Alpha Testing - Testing is done by the development team during the initial development phases.
  2. Alpha Testing - The development team, does the Testing with a more developed version. Here in Alpha Testing, the testing is performed by some trusted users of the company.
  3. Beta Testing - Testing is performed by the End users, and according to the experience with the product, the user gives their feedback to the development team.
  4. Release Candidate - According to the feedback received by the user, the changes are made to improve the performance of the product.
  5. Release - In this phase, the software is finally released to the End Users.

What are the types of Beta Testing?

  • Open Beta Testing - In this type of testing, Testing is performed by the large group of users before the product's actual release. Open Beta involves the active participation of the users to get every user's perspective about the product. Users identify the bugs and errors and report to the development team accordingly.
  • Closed Beta Testing - This testing is different from Open Beta testing. This testing is performed by a limited number of persons that are selected by the team. This testing is not performed by everyone, only a selected group of persons recruited by the team perform the testing.
  • Traditional Beta Testing - In this type of testing, the product is released to the users. The respective feedback is received from the users, and according to feedback, changes are done by the development team.
  • Public Beta Testing - This type of testing is like Open Testing. In this type of testing, the product is released worldwide, and the product is advertised worldwide to get the user's feedback and suggestions to improve the quality.
  • Technical Beta Testing - In this type of testing, testing is performed by the team's internal group, and here, feedback and suggestions are provided by the internal organization members themselves.
  • Focused Beta Testing - This type of testing involves monitoring and analysis of specific functionality of the product. In this Testing, the product is released to the market, feedback is received from the users, and changes are done accordingly.
  • Post-Release Beta Testing - In this type of testing, the product is released in the market for the End users' use, and reviews are collected for future reference.
Contract Testing in the Microservice architecture is about splitting the application into small standalone services, each of which plays a separate role in the overall system. Contract Testing for Applications with Microservices

What are the Merits and Demerits of Beta Testing?

The complete overview of merits and demerits of Beta Testing is below

Merits of Beta Testing

Following are the merits of the Beta Testing -

  1. Beta Testing ensures customer satisfaction.
  2. Beta Testing helps users to interact with the product and provide feedback according to their requirements.
  3. Beta Testing ensures that after launching the product, the product will be liked by the people.
  4. Beta Testing eliminates the risk of product failure.
  5. Beta testing is essential as in this testing, direct feedback from customers is received.
  6. This testing helps in detecting bugs and failures before the final release of the product.

Demerits of Beta Testing

  1. Following are the demerits of the Beta testing -
  2. This testing delays the product's final release as the feedback process is a time-taking process.
  3. In this testing, the software engineer has no control over the testing as the End-user performs the testing in a real environment.
  4. Selecting the user for testing is quite challenging because some users do not use the product correctly and give inefficient feedback.


It is not essential in software engineering what tool you are using, what technology you are using. Is your software bug-free? How many bugs have been resolved? The developed product is of no use if the users do not like it. Beta Testing helps gather feedback and suggestions from users, which helps improve the quality of the product.

Beta Testing is the technique by which the product is released in the market before the final launch. With the help of users' feedback, the development team ensures that the users will like the product by making changes in the product according to user experience.This Technique is the best methodology to analyze whether the product's predefined performance matches with the current product or not.