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Understanding TestOps Best Practises and Working Architecture

Navdeep Singh Gill | 09 December 2022

Introduction to TestOps

It is a rising technique to complete almost everyone's dream of watching Development, Operations, and Quality Assurance work together to discover more valuable and time-efficient products in the market. With a new channel like TestOps, one can reduce the development and testing time and enhance its quality in less period and effort.

At the CI/CD (Continuous Integration/ Continuous Delivery) time, the testing strategy must change with it to work accordingly with the Upgraded development and Integration. Let's look at the its working and Strategy to know more about it.

What is TestOps?

It is the intellect to perform the primary QA job using DevOps actions to interact with the CI/CD working and build' continuous testing. Its term comes with a combination of two well known and in use terms' Test' and 'Operation.' Where test explains the role of testing the product with every built to perform functional, Non-functional, performance and all other types of testing which is to be manually as well as automatically done for the products and operations is to manage the Infrastructure management, security & compliances, database admin, Network technician and other related tasks in the cycle.
When creating a test automation culture, it is crucial, to begin with the help of experienced professionals and technology in order to allow you to achieve your goals in an efficient and robust way. Source: The Three Main Test Automation Factors

According to it, the three teams Dev, Ops, and QA, work together to achieve rigorous CI/CD testing. Parts of working for the three teams smoothly with its technique will take different steps & approaches. After working continuously with Test automation, one can provide the full structure and result to clients about the Testing and product validation in it to improve the working and process of QA, which is using Test automation frameworks effectively.

How does it work?

To understand the below figure, keep in mind that the three sections, continuous build, continuous validation, and continuous delivery, work together. The two Continuous builds and validation are part of SDLC (Systems development life cycle). Here, the Test data in it for testing is collected from 3 different sources: exposure data, production systems, and test cases & monitors. This test data is necessary for the system, under test to Analyze the build's performance.

It focus on the below points-

  • Test data preparation to use in System under test 
  • Testing, which can be manual and automated, consist of main testing types as-
  1. Integration Testing
  2. Automation Testing
  3. Security Testing
  4. 'Transactional Testing' to check the transactions’ deviation from the regular and standard transactions.
  5. Load testing for small builds and the whole system
  6. Reliability testing to check the peak of the system failure possibility
  • CI/CD setup knowledge to check and resolve the issue while building deployment
Testops Framework

Why it is Important?

As we are now working with manual and automation testing with different tools to make the testing process as fast as possible but to start testing in production, we need to take a step forward with it.
  • Previously testing does not involve the Docker packs, but with it, engineers perform automated tests in Docker, collect results and do the analysis.
  • The traditional testing cycle needs the fully developed module to test, but the TestOps work with all the builds updated daily over the production environment.
  • Traditional testing is not enough to perform with CI/CD as the extra skills are required to acquire for Testing in CI/CD.
  • It encourages testing in production, which is not done in the Traditional testing cycle.

DevOps team helps in accelerating the processes, It is generally considered that time to test a particular thing is high and considered a big issue in delivering the product quickly on time, but now its approaches will be helpful for the team, specially the DevOps team in releasing the processes quickly, since they can parallelly deploy a testing environment with DevOps build and deployment infrastructure. To confirm whether its functionality is working fine or not, the approach can be followed with high unit test coverage and a zero Bug policy.xenonstack-testops-benefits

  • The Evolution of its discipline

To make the its discipline more effective and realize the organization's benefits, there is a need to evolve tester use cases, tools, and techniques, collaboration patterns with people, and discipline associated with the application life cycle. There is a new trend associated with the its discipline, which many organizations are using as a Shift-left approach.xenonstack-evolution-of-testops

TestOps Framework

TestOps is a framework that continuously tests and validates the software at all levels. The framework not only integrates the automated tests in the CI/CD Pipeline but also maintains the whole lifecycle of the product. TestOps framework can easily be combined with tools like Selenium, Docker, BrowserStack, and Jenkins to make the tests as robust as possible with low rate execution time. TestOps needs to detect failures early in the process for the team to react and respond as soon as possible.

Many organizations fail to deliver consistent quality to the customers with each application release. This is because the organization needs to ensure the test coverage of the continuous application releases. Small teams ensure complete test coverage by picking the right tool for automation and working closely with the development and operations teams. But for larger teams, it gets pretty difficult to maintain track of the test coverage because larger teams heavily focus on the automation processes, frameworks, and tools and run them with CI/ CD integrating with pipelines to get the in-depth visibility of the test operations and generating reports which can be analyzed later. 

What are the process involved?

Below listed are the process:

What is the Architecture of it?

It refers to using the QA automation approach to monitor the real-time performance of the production environment. The three teams' development, Operation, and QA work together to achieve the CI/CD discipline. By following the automation testing approach, one can increase reliability and customer satisfaction and improve processes' working.

Most of the organizations especially high performing ones have already implemented CI/CD pipelines to make software release more agile, building software automatically using Continuous Integration tools. Continuous Security for DevOps and Microservices

How of it works?

The OP's task of monitoring the process and product quality and performing continuous testing to achieve high customer satisfaction is now added to the tester skills set. It ensures that the quality is kept alongside mixing the test part of Dev and Ops. 

It includes the following points -

  • Preparation of Test Data to use that in Testing.
  • Testing includes the Testing type as:
  1. Integration Testing
  2. Automation Testing
  3. Security Testing
  4. Performance Testing
  5. Accessibility Testing
  • CI/CD knowledge to validate the processes going on.

What are the component of it?

Four components come under TestOps Discipline-

  •  Planning

Planning is done in the early phase of the development cycle, and planning is the ongoing process for rapid changes that occur in development. Planning helps the team in setting the priorities of the task, code complexity, test coverage. It helps in determining what to automate and what to test manually. The product and the business owner, development team, and testing team make plans together and, according to decided plans, make a document to help team alignment.

  • Control

Control refers to how you monitor all the tasks and control the flow of all the processes. A small team can believe in any agreement and document, whereas a larger team needs processes. Testing subject matters can guide the team to reuse the existing testing component.

  • Management

Management refers to how the higher authority and the team organized all the processes and tasks in a well-defined manner. It can include dividing the task into team members and setting priorities, Naming conventions, and how the test cases are organized in the test Suites. 

  • Insights

Insight refers to the information gathered from testing and helps teams better understand product quality and team effectiveness. Instead of the operational side, the testing team's team leader also needs to visualize the potential process improvements carefully.

A type of software testing that ensures that any application or system is free from threats, vulnerabilities, and risks. Click to explore about, Guide to Security Testing in DevOps

What are the necessary skills required?

Only normal Testing skills are not enough to work with it. Here we will see some of the necessary skills you might good into work with it-
  • The requirement of operational activities such as configuration details, alarms, failures, networks, and much more.
  • Good knowledge of JavaScript and python to write the test script.
  • Testing functional skills will not work but non-functional, and tool knowledge is also essential.
  • Collect good understanding and research of data sharing methods such as REST, WebSocket, and more.
  • Operating systems knowledge and scripting over all the OS is essential.
  • Understanding working with different Integration tools is mandatory, such as Jenkins, Bamboo, and more, to get the most output from the tests.
  • Automation skills need to be over grilled to work in it as it requires quick and fast testing.

What are its key features?

The key feature of TestOps are listed below:

Test Coverage and a Zero Bug Policy

To ensure that the functionality is working as expected, the unit test policy makes it evident that each functionality is thoroughly tested and no problems arise at the build time. This enables me to focus more on writing better code. The zero-bug policy resolves the bug raised during production at any point during a team sprint. It must be evaluated and either worked on or closed if deemed not customer-impacting and explained why.

Continuous Integration and Frameworks

The developer pushes the code, and it is compiled. The CI keeps track of any new code being committed to the repositories with the assistance of triggers. 

Speed of Delivery vs. Quality

A classic problem the tester faces is maintaining the speed of delivery with high-quality standards. As the competition is rising, no tech company would want downtime in their service and always wants that the users use their service with zero downtime. Even if the system is downtime, they should always be prepared to return the service.

Nowadays, faster delivery wants faster testing of the particular feature. Test automation should be carried out in the pipeline so that the regression tests can find the defects in the software.

What are the types of Testings covered in it?

The Customer expects that the product, which is being built by a particular organization, should support multiple platforms. Most of the customers have different clients- Mobile, Web, and API.

So that to make our test truly integrational.

  •  Mobile Testing

 Mobile device testing refers to the testing in which mobile applications are tested for functionality, usability, and consistency. Mobile application Testing can be done manually and with an automation approach.

  • Web Application Testing

Web Testing is a software testing principle that helps ensure the quality, performance, and functionalities of the web applications and ensures that the actual outcome is according to the expected outcome. Web application testing detects the issues such as functional, security breaches, Integration problems, network traffic issues before the product is delivered.xenonstack-types-of-testings-in-testops

  • API Testing

API Testing refers to the software testing type that tests the API from functionality, security, and reliability to performance. API Testing is done at the business layer in which business processes are carried out and all the interaction between the database and user interface layers.

Data Validation testing is a process that allows the user to check that the provided data, they deal with, is valid or complete. Guide to Data Validation Testing Tools

What are the best tools?

As TestOps is the rising technique which takes time to come under use all over and a lot of more tools are going to come into existence in future-

Katalon TestOps (Beta)

It is an emerging product to applies continuous test execution and analytics to integrate the products with better quality. This tool provides cloud-based services to test and integrate simultaneously. It also supports native CI as Bamboo, Jenkins, CircleCI, Azure DevOps to provide a wide range of options. Here are some insights into the tool.

TestOps Center

It provides a center to collect quality data from different sources and provide analytics for the project. It can also be used to get test execution key points integrated with other tools such as Jira and other tools.

TestOps CI

It handles the test environments and the schedule of remote executions with tools like Jira.

Vision TestOps

Its vision is based on AI to detect the bugs of application and tools.

TestOps Reports

This handles and generates the reports of all types of test executions and changes to get an insight into the results.

RPA is an automation technology in which RPA developers automate repetitive, manual business processes through different RPA tools. Robot Process Automation Testing

TestOps With CI/CD Approach

It works with three approaches simultaneously, which is continuous development, continuous validation, and continuous delivery. Continuous build and continuous Testing are associated with the software development life cycle. It focuses on the productive and effective development and successful delivery of the product. Developers write the code for each functionality and push the code to the repository, and after every sprint, the code is compiled. The CI validates the code that is in the repository. 

Continuous Validation works with the approach to testing that focuses on processes and tools being implemented. Unit testing is performed on the code in order to verify that the code should be bug-free. Continuous Delivery confirms that the code is running properly with the latest changes, and the product should be bug-free. 

TestOps with DevOps

DevOps collaborates between Development and Operation to reduce the difference between the two. DevOps terms simplify and ease the deployment of high quality and complex code faster and easier. Normally DevOps cycle follows developing code steps, integrating binaries into Testing environments and test cases executed. Deploy after QA approval for the bug-free application. But with it, the process changes and steps will be like.
  1. Continuous Build
  2. CI (Continuous Integration)
  3. Continuous Validation
It is an excellent chance for QA in DevOps testing. If we talk about DevOps, then the quality check is complicated when working for automated pipelines, which increases the testing because the complicated applications have multiple checkpoints, interrelated services and, many more to get verified and validated for testing.
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What are its Best Practices?

  • Different tool integration knowledge with CI is essential for testing.
  • More Test automation needs to be practiced for testing.
  • Always Practice multi-layer testing.
  • With all testing, take performance testing also in the Delivery cycle.
  • Don't waste important time on extra and unused executions.
  • Do a strict use of Containerization.
  • Track your execution matrix to get the latest result sets from the execution

What are the features of it?

  • At every build, the commit tester should be aware of what to test for that build.
  • Fix every bug at the primitive level.
  • Simple Integration with DevOps.

TestOps’s focus area

  • Real-time dashboards

The test results created by the real-time dashboards help the team with the test execution reports and can be shared among the other team members. The execution reports give clear visibility into the key test metrics and help improve the process/tests if required.

  • Cloud-based Automation Testing

Setting up the environment where we will conduct the testing takes a lot of effort and time. The most effective way to set up these environments is to approach Cloud-based Automation solutions, thereby reducing the initial cost required for the infrastructure.

  • Non-functional testing is essential.

Testing the functional components of the application does not ensure that it will perform at its best. Carrying out non-functional testing ensures the system’s reliability and performance and sustains the load of the users beyond its capacity.

  • Mobile App Testing
Mobile app testing guarantees the testers the quality of the app developed and defect-free. With frequent releases of the app builds, the TestOps framework can help in continuous testing.
  • API Testing

Testers perform tests on API to find vulnerabilities and security breaches in the API as the API holds sensitive data. Any security breach for an API can be costly. Thus, testers ensure the response time, response body, and several requests the API can handle.

Java vs Kotlin
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There are no words because there's a lot to know about TestOps now and in the future. It is the rising technique for testers and a revolution in testing continuously by covering all end-points of Continuous Integration & development. To adopt it, testers need to enhance their skill level for the testing concepts and the Integration and deployment of continuous builds. This methodology fastens the build validation and supports the testing in production.