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What is Cloud Orchestration? - A Beginner's Guide

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Introduction to Cloud Orchestration

Cloud Orchestration is one of the trending concepts in cloud computing. It has multiple definitions we can say that Cloud orchestration is the process to manage the various workloads in an automated way across several cloud solutions, intending to combine this into a single workflow.
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We can compare Cloud Orchestration with the challenge of an orchestra is to get the all instruments to perform the same piece together, this makes cloud orchestration like the musical conductor that controls the performance and keeps it an order. This is a challenging task as cloud orchestration involves different heterogeneous systems, across both public and private cloud solutions, which as they are often at different places geographically and it requires managing the network that connects them as well.

Difference between Cloud Orchestration and Cloud Automation

In most of the cases, the cloud orchestration interchanged with cloud automation. Therefore, to get a clear and transparent understanding of what cloud orchestration is, we need to highlight how it's different from cloud automation: A single task is involved in cloud automation whereas in cloud orchestration It is concerned with combining multiple such tasks into workflows. In cloud automation, the automated tasks must be performed in a definite sequence, under strict security guidelines, be granted permissions, etc. Orchestration ensures the performance of each automated tasks in a particular order concerning one another, within a workflow. The concept of resource utilization in cloud automation is Automated tasks exist as standalone entities, thus result in resources independently. This leads to resource wastefulness in cloud automation. But in Cloud orchestration lists the resources, IAM roles, and instance types to help save time, and it delivers accurate results; thus, the automation is helpful. Cloud automation involves a massive amount of manual coding by a developer, which results in significant and complex commands. The problem with such situations is that the fear of error occurrence is significant. Whereas Cloud Orchestration helps to avoid error-proneness by using optimizing the amount of coding required. This it does by using the automated tasks as building blocks that can be reused, instead of redundant coding. Some examples of cloud automation are Launching a web server, configuring a web server and some cases of cloud orchestration are Combining automated tasks like launching web server and configuring a web service into a single workflow to meet client requests The main focus of Cloud Orchestration is in process optimization. One of the simplest ways to do so is to remove the repetitive steps to eliminate redundancy. It identifies the automated tasks that make up a process and ensures their reusability across operations. Orchestration, therefore, takes advantage of the building blocks (read as automated tasks) by reusing them.

Benefits of Cloud Orchestration

Simplified Optimization

According to experts, cloud automation is a subset of cloud orchestration. As automation handles individual tasks and orchestration act as an integrator of automation, and it bundles various individual tasks into a larger optimized workflow. It can automate various things like provisioning of multiple servers, storage, databases and networks to make deployment and management of processes and resources smoother. It also ensures the complete maintenance of cloud elements in an integrated and harmonized way.

Effective Visibility and Control

Cloud orchestration offers a dashboard that provides an overall view of cloud resources for ensuring visibility. Cloud orchestration has useful tools that can automatically monitor and modify VM instances while reducing manual work and work hours. According to field experts, orchestration gives centralized management of accessibility, security and resource policies for ensuring efficient control on the cloud ecosystem.


With automated metering, orchestration improves the cost governance while promoting economic usage of resources. Since it offers optimized tools, it improves the usage of cloud services with automation and self-service processes. This reduces the cost of infrastructural investments for enterprises and encourages long-term cost savings.      

Reduced Errors

Orchestration solves various problems associated with the cloud computing domains. It can automate simple and small operations without any human intervention. It can create predictable processes that can reduce the risk of errors while ameliorating the reliability and consistency of IT.    

Best Cloud Orchestration Platforms

IBM Cloud Orchestrator

IBM's self-service portal  and automated tools help manage your cloud while staying within budget. It is highly customizable, and it has automated provision. IBM orchestrator platform is used to automate the cloud services using policy-based tools. Users can configure, deploy, integrate and add service management using this service. Users can also utilize the services to manage, monitor, backup and secure applications. Users can use the inbuilt tools to view how resources are being utilized and the costs associated with using them. IBM Orchestrator is having two packages based on their price, and they both offer a customizable self-service portal, IT processes automation, support for VMware and multi-cloud management.

Microsoft Azure Automation

Azure Automation  delivers a cloud-based automation service that provides management across Azure and as well as non-Azure environments. Azure automation consists of process automation, update management, and configuration features designed to help users to reduce errors and reduce the time spent on user's infrastructure deployments. The best thing is it not just for Windows; it is having heterogeneous deployments for Windows or Linux hosts based on automation that you execute with PowerShell or Python runbooks. The main features of Microsoft azure automation are:
  • It manages cloud spent
  • It optimizes the use of cloud resources, and it enables cost allocations and chargebacks


Morpheus  is a multi-cloud orchestration platform, and it aims to connect developers to self-service infrastructure. The platform offers users analytic features that provide an inside view of cloud spending. This helps users to compare costs as they use multiple cloud infrastructures and resources. In Morpheus, users can build complex multi-cloud structures, service catalogues, and access stack visualization tools. Users can also manage and control access to cloud-resources using multi-tenant policies. Users can create policies for workflows and keep track of configurations management activities.


The AppFormix is a cloud operations management and orchestration platform which provides end-to-end visibility for your multi-cloud environment. This platform can convert raw data into an easy to read format with the help of its monitoring and intent-based analytics.  AppFormix can also track and analyze programs that are operating in public clouds such as Google Cloud Platform, Amazon Web Services, and Microsoft Azure. It allows users to set business outcomes, and this platform can detect problems. It can take corrective actions. Accordingly, Its user interface is straightforward to navigate, and it includes operation alarms and automated in-service installation. It can connect into existing plug-ins .

Why is Cloud Orchestration Important?

Improved visibility and control

A single dashboard provides a pan view of the cloud resources, and then it ensures visibility. It also shows past and current usage statistics, which helps for the future usage of resources. Centralized governance of security, access and resource policies gives feedback that the cloud ecosystem is in user's control.

Self-service capability

End-users are given with the facility to select the workloads of applications and VMs of different types, which match their functional requirements. This type of setup makes it easier to provision and approve cloud resources; thus, orchestration has a self-service feature. Thus Cloud orchestration is turning into such an essential element to emerging data infrastructure that most of the service providers are starting to make it as a critical business initiative

Multi-Cloud Orchestration

In a multi-cloud orchestration, an organization uses different public and private cloud services from multiple different providers. The different clouds may be used for various tasks to get the best results. This gives the meaning that not all clouds are equal. Sales and Marketing may have different types of needs than R&D or Software Development, and different cloud solutions can fulfil those requirements more effectively.

Hybrid Cloud Orchestration

In the Hybrid cloud, it combines private and public clouds toward the same purpose. We can also say that the Hybrid cloud combines a private cloud with public cloud services, with the software, enabled communication between each different service. A hybrid cloud provides businesses with greater flexibility by sharing workloads between cloud solutions as needs and costs change.


In conclusion, we can say that cloud orchestration if new emerging technology and which is very useful in future and with the help of orchestration we can manage the many automated tasks in a better way and there is a better utilization of resources. We also can manage the revenue spent on the infrastructure in a better way. Read Similar Topics

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