Website Security Measures and Tools
What is Website Security?
In today's Digital World, Internet revolutionized and everyone is shifting business online. People proving their presence on the Internet to reach as many people as possible and increase revenue. According to Netcraft, as of September 2014, there were over 1 billion websites on the web, and present statics show around 2 billion websites are on the Internet.
The sites increasing day by day, but lots of people do not care about the security initially, and such sites prone to lots of vulnerabilities, which gives hacker or attacker a chance to compromise the data. According to "SiteLock," a security provider for websites state that the average website attacked 44 times a day in the last quarter of 2017. It's nothing as in today's world even the most secure websites not reliable and get hacked or compromised, imagine what happened to those sites which are not concerned about security.
Website security is a way of protecting the websites and web application from being hacked or any unauthorized access, done by creating an extra layer of a protection measure and protocol that helps in mitigating the attacks.
Website security is not a simple task, and to secure websites and application then the security comprises of a lot of factors that go into web security and web protection, like up to date regarding new threats and how to mitigate it, monitor the traffic.
Website Common Attacks
There can be a number of attacks an attacker performs on websites but below are some common attack happening on today's websites -
- Cross-Site Scripting (XSS)
- SQL Injection (SQLi)
- DDoS Attack
- Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF)
- Broken Authentication & Session Management
- Bad Bots
- Exploiting Inclusion Vulnerabilities: LFI and RFI
Benefits of Securing Websites
Benefits of secure websites, it's not a one way means by securing websites both user and owner both benefited.
- Improve Google ranking and SEO.
- Protect user's information.
- Stay away from Phishing sites.
- Build the trust between user and service provider, and increase website legitimacy.
- Increased ROI.
- Improves site performance.
- Increase website legitimacy.
How does Website Security Work?
Website security working depends on how organizations adopted its security, and many other factors like their network type, software, but the core strategy somewhat similar.
Common security concerns when someone tries to mitigate through security -
- Mitigate DDoS Attacks.
- Prevent Customer Data Breach.
- Block Malicious Bot Abuse.
Web application firewalls (WAF)
Web application firewalls (WAF) are an essential security control used by the security team to protect Web applications and sites against various attack, and known vulnerabilities. Customize it, after customizing WAF is also able to prevent SQL injection attacks, XSS attacks, buffer overflows, and session hijacking. All these features may not be available or performed on traditional network firewalls systems. It’s categorized as Network-based, Host-based, CLoud-hosted WAFs.Deployed in front of web applications, and it analyzes bi-directional web-based (HTTP) traffic - detecting and blocking anything malicious.
Whenever a browser or server attempts to connect to a website secured with SSL. The browser/server requests for identification. Then a copy of SSL certificate sent by the web server to browser/server. The browser/server checks to see whether it should trust the SSL certificate or not. And according to it sends messages to the web server. If the certificate looks good, the web server sends back a digitally signed acknowledgment for starting an SSL encrypted session. Now the exchange of data proceeds in the encrypted ways between the browser/server and the web server.
How to Adopt Website Security?
The adaptation differs from the organization to organization, below are some fundamental strategies to implement the security for the website -
- Plan or draw a roadmap for security policies and mitigation strategy.
- Analyze an organization's security flows and hire a security team.
- Keep an eye on the level of access provides to each user.
- Always review code.
- Keep software up-to-date.
- Use HTTPS.
- Separate the automation and nonautomation steps, and perform accordingly.
- Analyzing network traffic.
- Implement a web application Firewall.
- Use vulnerabilities scanner and anti-virus tools.
Setting Up Recovery
- Regularly keep backup of websites' data.
- Always plan for recovery from any disaster, build a strategy for this.
Why Website Security Matters?
- So that sites can't get hacked.
- Prevent the theft of customer's data and any other sensitive information.
- Securing sites make it genuine and users feel safe.
- Improve the Google Search Ranking.
- Avoid Unwanted Litigation.
Best Practises of Website Security
The security is not a small thing especially in websites or web application. Security varies from organization to organization but some security standards must, and these standards implemented and highlighted by the OWASP. The primary goal is to fulfill the fundamental goal of security, i.e. Confidentiality, Integrity, and Availability.
Blue Print - First thing, is to make a roadmap and the measure to secure the websites.
Prioritize Your WebSites Vulnerabilities, and mitigate accordingly -
Find out common attacks that can we performed on certain kind of websites, and mitigate it first.
Should know which attack have minimal effect on your websites and ignored.
Should be familiar with various vulnerabilities that may exist in your applications.
Data criticality and risk analysis of data exposure.
Document the attacks and its precaution measure.
Educate for secure coding.
Hire some good security team, tester -
- Should at least familiar with top 10 OWASP vulnerabilities, and the path to mitigate them.
- Should keep eyes on the recent hacking incident.
- Should prefer some tools for web security, if required.
Implement Web application firewalls (WAF) and enable extra security layers, like -
- HTTPS implementation and redirecting of all HTTP traffic to HTTPS.
- Implement X-XSS-protection security header for preventing XSS attacks.
- Implement a content security policy.
- Multi-Factor Authentication.
- Update Softwares and TLS or SSL
Guide for keeping the Right Password
- Should be unique and strong.
- Update password regularly.
Implement backup and disaster recovery measures, backup website's data, like -
Website Security Tools and Checklist
Security or Vulnerabilities scanners tools -