What is SOC 2?
SOC 2 Stands for the Service and Organization Controls (SOC). It is the component of AICPA ( American Institute of Certified Public Accountant ). It is specially designed for service providers, storing customer data in the cloud. Its auditing procedure ensures that service providers securely manages the data and privacy of the clients. To know more about SOC 2, you can visit here. It also helps to define the criteria for managing customer data based on five “trust service principles”. Let’s discuss those five principles.
- Refers to the protection of the system resources against unauthorized access.
- IT security tools such as WAF (web application firewall), 2FA (two-factor authentication) and intrusion detection are useful in preventing security breaches that can lead to unauthorized access of systems and data.
- Looks how accessible a company’s services, products, and system are.
- Includes performance monitoring, disaster recovery, and security incident handling.
- Whether or not system achieves its purpose i.e deliver the right data at the right time at the right place.
- Data processing must be complete, valid, accurate and authorized.
- Data is considered confidential if its disclosure and access are restricted to a limited number of persons.
- It includes encryption, access control, network, and application firewall.
- Addresses how the system collects uses retains, discloses and disposal of personal information in conformity with an organization’s privacy notice.
- Include access control, 2FA, encryption.
Best Security Practices for SOC 2 Compliance
- Defines that one may need the ability to monitor for not just known malicious activity, but the unknown too.
- To find these unknown establish a baseline of normal activity in the cloud environment, by doing this it will make it clear when abnormal activity takes place.
- You should receive alerts whenever there is unauthorized access to customer data.
- You should require alerts for modification of data, controls, configuration files, and file transfer activities.
Detailed Audit Trails
- Need audit trials (record of the changes that have been made to database or file), because if an incident takes place, then the remediation where to begin should be known.
Eligibility for SOC 2
SOC 2 is applicable to technology-based service organizations that stores the customer data in the cloud. This means that it is applied to pretty much every single SaaS company, and any company that uses the cloud to store its customer’s information. SOC 2 is the most common compliance requirements that technology-focused enterprises must meet today.
SOC 2 Requirements
SOC 2 requires that one should develop security rules and procedures. These need to be written out and followed, and auditors can and will ask for a review. The policies and procedures must compass of security, availability, processing integrity, confidentiality, and privacy of data stored in the cloud.
SOC 2 Report
Data providers, who stores and processes financial information need a SOC report. It is designed for a growing number of technologies and cloud computing entities.
- Type 1: Handles the financial transactions a company makes.
- Type 2: Reports on the security behind those financial transactions.
- SOC 2 report contains five trusted services principles i.e. security, availability, privacy, processing integrity, confidentially.
- SOC 2 reports are unique to each company.
- The providers look for the requirements and decide the relevant requirements for their business practices and can also write their own controls to fit those requirements.
- The data provider can write extra controls if needed and disregard the other if they are not needed
- SOC 2 report contains sensitive information and cannot be shared with anyone.