Introduction to Data Mesh
Data mesh builds a layer of connectivity that takes away the complexities of connecting, managing, and supporting data access. It is a way to fasten the data together that is held across multiple data silos. It combines the data distributed data across different locations and organizations.
Data mesh provides data that is highly available, easily discoverable, and secure. It is beneficial in an organization where a team generates data from many data-driven use cases and access patterns in data mesh.
Cloud technology used in conjunction with the “data mesh” concept provides a promising approach to solving regulatory reporting problems.
Source: Cloud-based Data Mesh Technology
We can use data mesh, like when we need to connect cloud applications to sensitive data that lives in a customer’s cloud environment. Also, when we need to create virtual data catalogs obtained from various data sources that can’t be centralized. There is also a situation in which data mesh is used, for instance, when we create virtual data warehouses or data lakes for analytics and ML training that can be done without consolidating data into a single repository.
What is Anthos Service Mesh?
It is a fully managed service mesh that is used for complex microservices architectures. It is a suite of tools that monitor and manage a reliable service mesh on-premises or Google Cloud. It’s powered by Istio, which is a highly configurable and one of the powerful open-source service mesh platforms that have tools and features that enable industry best practices. It defines and manages configuration centrally at a higher level.
It is deployed as a uniform layer across the full infrastructure. Service developers and operators can use a rich feature set without making a single change to the application code. Anthos Service Mesh relies on Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE ) GKE On-Premise Observability features.
Microservices architectures provide many benefits, but on the other hand, there are challenges like added complexity and fragmentation for different workloads. It solves the problem like it unburdens operations and development teams by simplifying service delivery across the board, from traffic management and mesh telemetry to securing communications between services.
What are the features of Anthos Service Mesh?
Here are some of the features of Anthos Service Mesh
Deep visibility built-in [beta]
Anthos Service Mesh is integrated with Cloud Logging, Cloud Monitoring, and Cloud Trace that provides many benefits, such as monitoring SLOs at a per-service level and setting targets for latency and availability.
Easy authentication, encryption
Anthos Service Mesh ensures easy authentication and encryption. It transport authentication through MTLS (Mutual Transport Layer Security) has never been more effortless. It secures service-to-service as well as end-user-to-service communications with just a one-click mTLS installation or incremental implementation.
It provides flexible authorization like we only need to specify the permissions after that grant access to them at the level that we choose, from namespace down to users.
Fine-grained traffic controls
Anthos Service Mesh opens up many traffic management features as it decouples traffic flow from infrastructure scaling and includes dynamic requests. Routing for A/B testing, canary deployments, and gradual rollout, and that also all outside of your application code.
Failure recovery out of the box
It provides many critical failure-recovery features out of the box, to configure dynamically at runtime.
What is Azure Service Fabric Mesh?
Azure Service Fabric Mesh helps the developers deploy microservices applications, and there is no need to manage virtual machines, storage, or networking. The applications hosted on Service Fabric Mesh run and scale without worrying about the infrastructure powering it. Service Fabric Mesh has clusters of many machines, and every one of these cluster operations is hidden from the developer. You only need to upload the code and mention the resources we need, availability requirements, and resource limits. It automatically allocates the infrastructure and handles infrastructure failures as well, and we need to make sure the applications are highly available. We need to take care of the health and responsiveness of the application and not the infrastructure. Azure Service Fabric has three public offerings: Service Fabric Azure Cluster service, Service Fabric Standalone, and Azure Service Fabric Mesh service.
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What is AWS App Mesh?
AWS App Mesh helps to run services by providing consistent visibility and network traffic controls. For services built across multiple computing infrastructure types. App Mesh abolishes the necessity to update the application code. To vary how monitoring data is collected or traffic is routed between services. It configures each service to export monitoring data and implements consistent communications control logic across your application. When any failure occurs or when code changes must be deployed, therein situation makes it easy. To pinpoint the precise location of errors quickly and automatically reroute network traffic.
What are the advantages of AWS App Mesh?
Following are the advantages of AWS App Mesh:
Provides End-to-end visibility because it captures metrics, logs, and traces from all of your applications. We can combine and export this data to Amazon CloudWatch, AWS X-Ray, and community tools for monitoring, helping to quickly identify and isolate issues with any service to optimize your entire application.
Ensure High Availability
App Mesh gives controls to configure how traffic flows between your services. Implement easily custom traffic routing rules to ensure that every service is highly available during deployments, after failures, and as your application scales.
App Mesh configures and deploys a proxy that manages all communications traffic to and from your services. This removes the requirement to configure communication protocols for every service, write custom code, or implement libraries to control the application.
Enhance Any Application
Users can use App Mesh with services running on any compute services like AWS Fargate, Amazon EKS, Amazon ECS, and Amazon EC2. App Mesh can also monitor and control communications for monoliths running on EC2. Teams running containerized applications, orchestration systems, or VPCs as one application with no code changes.
To configure a service mesh for applications deployed on-premises, we can use AWS App Mesh on AWS Outposts. AWS Outposts could be a fully managed service that extends AWS infrastructure, AWS services, APIs, and tools to virtually any connected site. With AWS App Mesh on Outposts, you’ll provide consistent communication control logic. For services across AWS Outposts and AWS cloud to simplify hybrid application networking.
How is Data Mesh different from Data Lake?
Given below are the differences between Data Mesh and Data Lake.
- The data lake is a storage repository. That holds a vast amount of raw data in its native format. The hierarchical data warehouse stores data in files or folders. Whereas the data lake uses a flat architecture to store data.
- The advantage of the data lake is that it is a Centralized, singular, schema-less data store with raw (as-is) data as well as massaged data.
- The Mechanism for fast ingestion of data with appropriate latency
- It helps to map data across various sources and give visibility and security to users
- Catalog to find and retrieve data
- Costing model of centralized service
- Ability to manage security, permissions, and data masking
- The main difference between data mesh and data lake is that data mesh is decentralized ownership in which domain teams usually consider their data a byproduct that they don’t own because a data lake is centralized ownership of that raw data.
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How is Data Mesh different from Data Fabric?
- Data Fabric integrates data management across cloud and on-premises to accelerate digital transformation. It helps deliver consistent and integrated hybrid cloud data services that help data visibility and insights, data access and control, and data protection and security.
- Data Fabric and Data Mesh’s difference is that Data fabric allows clear access of data and sharing of data across distributed computing systems by means of a data management framework that is single, secured, and controlled.
- But Data Mesh follows a metadata-driven approach and is a distributed data architecture supported by machine learning capabilities. Data Mesh is a tailor-made distributed ecosystem with reusable data services, a centralized governance policy, and dynamic data pipelines.
What are the Benefits Of Data Mesh?
- Data Mesh provides agility. In this, each node works independently. The node is containerized and can be deployed as soon as any changes are ready.
- Construct and deploy new nodes to the mesh, whenever new data arises. Many portals and teams can access the same node, allowing the organization to scale the data mesh. This way, data mesh provides scalability.
- Use data mesh under various circumstances, like connecting cloud applications to sensitive data that lives in a customer’s on-premise or cloud environment. Use it while creating virtual data catalogs from various data sources. We need to create virtual data warehouses or data lakes for analytics and machine learning training without consolidating data into a single repository.
A data mesh allows the organization to escape the analytical and consumptive confines of monolithic data architectures and connects siloed data. To enable machine learning and automated analytics at scale.
The data mesh allows the company to be data-driven and give up data lakes and data warehouses. It replaces them with the power of data access, control, and connectivity.